Globe, World

Why the United States will never abandon Afghanistan

Under the pretext of fighting Al Qaeda, the United States hopes to remain in Afghanistan by all means necessary. Through negotiations with various prominent Islamic combatants and following their geostrategic goal to approach the borders of Pakistan, Iran, China and Russia


Manuel Navvaro Escobedo

Prevailing insecurity and instability is all that is reflected after almost 11 years of the political disaster of interference and the occupation by the United States and its allies in Afghanistan, who will follow the US with their predicted withdrawal in 2014.

Since 2001, neither Washington, Brussels nor the United Nations have managed to stabilise or pacify the central Asian Islamic Nation.

Despite deploying almost 150, 000 soldiers with sophisticated weaponry, and financing them billions of dollars.

However, it is certain that Afghanistan is under the occupation of 98,000 soldiers directed by the United States and another 40,000 by the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), made up of soldiers from 37 countries in December 2001 by the United Nations’ Security Council, allegedly to support the Pentagon’s troops in the occupation and pacification of Afghanistan.

Costs are slowly rising and The New York Times reports that the war cost the United States alone US$120 billion in 2011 and in total the expedition has been valued at almost US$450 billion since it began over a decade ago.

These expenses incurred by Washington leave the Americans speechless and breathless before the international community during a time of economic crisis, especially considering the prediction made by the Watson Institute for International Studies, that the cost of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq will rise to a figure between three and four trillion dollars by 2020.

The facts speak for themselves. Until now, more than 2000 American soldiers have lost their lives in the Islamic Central Asian country, since it was invaded in October 2001, while ISAF gives the current total of deceased as one thousand 44 (mil 44).

The Afghan President Hamid Karzai provided an overview that shared the reality of the situation when he revealed that between 20 and 25 soldiers and Afghan police officers die every day in the insurgence “Spring offensive” against the country’s native forces and foreign occupiers.

During an intervention on the 20th of June this year before the National Assembly (parliament) the president Hamid Karzai affirmed that the rebel’s attacks against the Afghan security forces have increased during the previous two months, in open contradiction with the United States and NATO, who claim that the situation is improving as they approach the withdrawal date, 24 months from now.

It is only between May and June of this year that the instability has worsened, caused by the forceful offensive unleashed by the Afghan resistance against the United States occupancy, and against ISAF, commanded by NATO and the governments of Kabul.

With this political-military objective, the Taliban and other insurgent groups mount innumerable daily offences against troops in the southern territories, including ambushes, suicide attacks, detonation of roadside bombs and assaults on military bases, amongst others.

According to Western and Asiatic analysts there are reasons for the gravity of the Afghan destabilisation, the most significant being the delay of promised assistance to the country’s reconstruction, which has contributed to a stagnant economy.

For this reason the Afghan government has grown rife with rampant corruption, and this has lead the poor to lose hope in their future and so they give their support to the rebels.

Meanwhile, the NATO led troops have large insurmountable disadvantages, such as their capacity for combat, which is less than the United States’.

In addition, they are heavily dependent on logistical and air support from the US military, although both lost trust and credibility in the eyes of the Afghan people due to their military operations, which have caused tens of thousands of civilian casualties.

Because of this, President Karzai must urgently promote political dialogue with the insurgent forces, especially the Taliban, launch the economic recovery, improve social infrastructure and control the armed security forces that are able to replace foreign troops, scheduled to leave within two years.

However, Afghan journalist Naseer Fayaz predicts that these goals work against the fact that the US will never abandon the Central Asian country given its geographical importance, and their  long-term strategy.

(Translated by Oliver Harris)

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