During the last few years, whilst Latin America lives through a process of unprecedented political, economic and social transformations, various progressive governments are now victims of conspiracies in which media monopolies play a fundamental role.
With the aim to destabilise democracies, they resort to various methods, from psychological warfare, incentivising conflict, promoting violence and campaigns based in lies which incite social discontent.
Campaigns through the media to destabilise governments aren’t new, but they have been exacerbated during the last 5 years, most of all in countries like Venezuela, Brazil and Bolivia, amongst others. They spoke of this in the recent international seminar “Latin America in dispute: the media battle”, which took place this year in Bolivia.
For the experts, there exists a similarity between the dirty war waged against the Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela and what The Mercury newspaper in Chile did between 1970 and 1973 against the democratic government of President Salvador Allende.
In the particular case of Venezuela, the journalist Erika Ortega explained how her country has been under siege since the decade of 1990 when Hugo Chavez postulated the presidency and the national and international media gave themselves the task of distorting the reality.
“In an oil country like mine, nothing which occurs can be coincidence, not excluding the death of Commander Chavez”, she ensures.
Also a correspondent for Russia Today, she denounced the role of the monopolies for ending the revolution and for their role in the instigation of acts of violence occurring this year in Venezuela.
“The burning of people is something that I never thought would have to be covered in my country”, she said, and denounced the way in which the media that represents interests of imperialism, promote fascism.
Bolivia, a country that is living through profound transformations since the arrival to power of the first indigenous president, Evo Morales, has in the past year faced an unprecedented media war, which had an objective of harming the centre of gravity of this process and of impeding the approval of a resource for the presidential re-election.
“A conspiracy against the process of change led by Evo Morales is ongoing. Its epicentre is in Washington DC and it is implemented by way of political operatives from Bolivia and abroad”, reported on that occasion by the renowned Argentinian analyst Atilio Borón. The media coup had support from the manipulation of what they called The cartel of lies, shaped by a cohort of newspapers and radio stations and other media from the opposition.
Similar campaigns for what occurred in Bolivia prior to the referendum of 21 February 2016, surrounding the presidential re-election, recurred in Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela, demonising the characters of Cristina Fernández, Luiz Inácio, Lula Da Silva, Dilma Rousseff and Nicolás Maduro, warned analysts.
During the seminar, sponsored by the Network of Intellectuals and Artists in Defence of Humanity (REDH) and other organisations, they also examined the cases of Cuba and Colombia.
The director of the web portal Cubadebate, Randy Alonso, stated that the campaigns against his country started at the same moment as the triumph of the revolution, in 1959, and that they continue to today.
The United States dedicates 20 million dollars yearly to subversive programmes against Cuba, which are directed towards the internet and young people, Alonso says.
He explains that if previously all the manipulation was done via the printed press, shortwave radios and telegrams, they now employ international television, social networks and other mediums.
“But there are things that have not changed: the media monopoly continues and those who dominated the analogue space are the same ones that today are dominating the digital space”, he recounts.
Also director of television program Round Table, he warns that currently the press are being used more and more as a political force and a combative weapon of provocation in order to topple governments.
This offensive, which seeks to destabilise the democratic processes, has also taken place in Colombia, reported to Latin Press by Carlos Antonio Lozada, who is responsible for press and communication for FARC, the party that arose from the peace agreements signed in Havana.
“There is a connecting thread in this imperialist strategy”, states Lozada, and he mentions that in Colombia they have arrived at the extreme of bringing a society towards refusing peace agreements after more than 50 years of confrontation.
For the political scientist Katu Arkonada the media campaigns are signed up to the concept of 4th generation warfare, a war in the era of information and globalised communication, where the objective isn’t to kill, but to take over and control minds. (PL)
(Translated by Francine Morgan – Email: firstname.lastname@example.org) – Photos: Pixabay