The United Kingdom plans to quit the European Union on the 29th March 2019, however, according to experts, compliance with that deadline is unlikely.
Rosmerys Bernal Piña
The disagreements surrounding the negotiations for Britain’s exit from the European Union (EU), or Brexit, continue. Some want a ‘hard’ Brexit, which radically eliminates trade and political ties with the EU, whilst others advocate friendly agreements.
The UK government’s internal crisis is a public matter and is motivated by different political positions to maintain close ties with the EU.
Some – like Brexit Secretary David Davis and Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, resigned for not agreeing with the Prime Minister, Theresa May. They, hard Brexit supporters, think that May’s proposals make the United Kingdom a vassal state of Brussels. Johnson asked the House of Commons to bet on a country that is “strong, independent, autonomous and open to the world.”
Others, such as the leader of the British Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn, criticised, before parliament, the way in which May leads talks with the bloc and the difficulty she has faced reaching an internal consensus. May said that despite strong opposition from some politicians, no one has presented feasible alternatives. She has also warned that the UK’s departure from the European Union could be harmed by those disagreements highlighted, that is, they could end Brexit.
But May remains firm on her position and ensures that negotiations continue taking in to account the agreement made in Chequers (the prime minister’s country residence), which presented an initiative to avoid custom controls and keep borders open with the Republic of Ireland. Also, in the Brexit White Paper, the government sets out the relationship they wish to maintain with the 27 EU states after March 29, 2019.
After extensive and contradictory negotiations, the government announced, on July 6, its proposal to create a free trade zone between the United Kingdom and the bloc, with shared rules for industrial goods and agricultural products.
The document proposes an economical and secure society and other important areas for the United Kingdom, as well as a constitutional governance framework and supervision of future relationships.
For example, it proposes the creation of a free trade zone for goods and a facilitated customs partnership, so that the British nation and the EU function as a combined territory.
The text indicates the need to establish a mobility framework to facilitate business trips and tourism, as well as allowing British students to study abroad in the EU.
It also insists on the security of the region through a new partnership to share troops and create mechanisms for the coordination of foreign and defence policies.
London wants to maintain its participation in police and judicial cooperation agencies, such as Europol and Eurojust, respectively, and assured that the city would assume the necessary regulations and costs.
For his part, during his recent visit to the United Kingdom, President Donald Trump criticised the Prime Minister’s strategy on Brexit and said that if this was the way she wanted it, a commercial agreement with the United States wouldn’t be possible.
However, later in a press conference offered alongside the prime minister, he explained his position on the issue. The American president affirmed that, for his government, the decisions adopted by the British executive would be fine, as he described the relationship between both nations as very good and strong.
He also highlighted that May does a great job. However, an ORB International poll published this July revealed that voter support for May management fell to 29%; its lowest level since November 2016, experts say.
56% of those who took the survey do not trust that the prime minister will get the appropriate agreement, whilst 26% of the electorate think the opposite and the remainder expressed no view. This year, on the second anniversary of the referendum, thousands of Britons took to the streets to demand a second Brexit vote. Others demanded a final public vote on the terms that should be agreed with Brussels.
For its part, the European Union has said that it will respect the deadlines set in the negotiations with the United Kingdom, but left open the possibility of extending them if unanimity is not achieved amongst Member States. (PL)
(Translated by Ashley Çaylakli, MA Translation – Email: firstname.lastname@example.org)