Brazil is responsible for 40% of the feminicides that are committed in Latin America and, on a global level, it comes seventh out of 83 nations where most women are murdered through cases linked to gender-based violence.
Moisés Pérez Mok
The fourth murder of a woman in less than a month in this capital attracted attention again for the alarming number of feminicides in Brazil, since this was classified as a heinous crime in 2015.
The victim, 44 years old, was stabbed to death by her partner and became another statistic in the book as the nineteenth case of gender-based crime reported in the Federal District in 2018 so far.
According to a report from the Services Centre for Women, created in 2009, in the last nine years at least 3,100 Brazilian women were killed and another 6,400 were victims of attempted murder.
Almost three attacks on women every day, where the constant features are class, gender and ethnicity.
For their part, the investigator for the Brazilian Forum of Public Security, David Marques, citing figures from the Atlas of Violence (2018), said that between 2006 and 2016 the murder rate among the black population increased by 23.1%. Meanwhile, it fell by 6.8 percentage points among the non-black population.
The same happened among black women, when, in this period, the murder rate increased by 15.4% but a reduction of 8% among non-black women was acknowledged.
According to the Atlas, in the year 2016, 71.5% of the people who were murdered were black women.
The situation, however, far from improving seems to be escalating. Following a report from the Brazilian Forum of Public Security, in 2017, the gigantic South American nation broke its own historic record of violent deaths, registering almost 64,000.
In total, there were 63,880 murders; An average of 175 per day and a rate of 30.8 per 100,000 citizens, detailed the non-profit organisation whose objective is to act as a permanent and innovative space for debate, interaction and technical cooperation for the public security of the country.
According to this source, the number of premeditated murders reached 55,900 (2.1% more than in 2016) and the number of injuries leading to death was 955, a 12.3% increase year-on-year.
The number of deaths resulting from police involvement also rose significantly. It reached 5,144 (14 per day), 20% more than in 2016. On the other hand, the number of police deaths fell by 4.9 percentage points, with a figure of 367.
The number of rapes also soared by more than 8% to reach 60,018 reported cases. Of these, 4,539 women were victims of homicide, 6.1% higher than the previous year, and, of those, 1,133 were due to feminicide.
That is, without forgetting that last year there were also reported disappearances of 82,684 people.
Mark of impunity
According to a study carried out by the National Council of Justice (CNJ), and cited by the Latin American and Caribbean Women’s News Service (SEMlac), in 2017 there were more than 10,700 feminicide trials that went unresolved in Brazil.
In total, and according to the CNJ, in October of this year 896,000 lawsuits relating to cases of domestic violence against women will be brought before the courts.
This South American nation, stated SEMlac, is responsible for 40% of these types of crimes that are committed in Latin America.
With that in mind, sociologist Luciana Ramirez da Cruz, advised that the murder of an average of 13 women per day in Brazil “is intrinsically related to the subjugation of women and also to the sociocultural norm that we should keep quiet”.
The specialist made her comments as a result of an interview given by the extreme-right presidential candidate, Jair Bolsonaro (Social Liberal Party, PSL), in which he maintained that feminicide should be treated in the same way as other crimes; “as if the motives for these murders were not important”.
Dealing with murders motivated by gender, sexual orientation and racism as “normal” crimes is trying to keep hidden the most damaging dimensions that drive these tragic deaths, advises the sociologist.
The 2015 Feminicide Law came in specifically to label and classify that there is a motive in the murder of women: the sheer fact of being women. (PL) Photos: Pixabay – (Translated by Donna Davison. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org) – Photos: Pixabay