The number of poor people in Brazil has grown between 2016 to 2017 and now it reaches 54.8 million Brazilians, out of the country”s 207 million inhabitants, according to official data published in Brasilia last week.
According to the World Bank’s definition, these people only receive incomes of up to 5.5 dollars per day and most, more than 25 million, live in the Northeast Region of this country.
The statistics form the Synthesis of Social Indicators 2018 were released on Wednesday by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).
The study reveals that the proportion of people living in extreme poverty in Brazil also increased, from 6.6 percent of the population in 2016 to 7.4 percent in 2017, from 13.5 million to 15.2 million.
These people earn less than 1.90 dollars a day. According to IBGE, the growth of the percentage in this range rose throughout the country, with the exception of the Northern Region.
On the other hand, poverty affected more blacks and mulattos, who represent more than half of the country’s population.
Brazil was the last country in the western world to abolish slavery, in 1888. Throughout its history since colonization, black movements struggle to claim their rights in an unequal society. Among the 10 percent of nationals with the lowest benefits, 75.2 percent were black or mulatto in 2017.
About 64.4 percent of black or mulatto women, living without a partner and with children under 14, live in poverty. Analysts associate the rise in poverty with the stagnation of the national economy, which has not grown since 2011 due to the level of productive investment, among the lowest in Latin America, which barely reaches 16 percent of the Gross Domestic Product.