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United States: too racist and sexist?

It is estimated that 42% of mothers are the main source of income or head of the household in the United States. And female immigrants have the largest discrepancy with respect to pay received by men. Today women seek equality with men at a time when their vote is substantial and could tip the balance during a presidential election.

  

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Luis Beatón

  

This is how it was explained in a report published by Mount Saint Mary’s University, which stated that the national average for all women is a 23% lower salary than that of a man. For every dollar received by a man, a Latina woman earns 0.43 cents. In general, a white woman earns 0.80 cents per dollar that a man receives, and an African-American woman receives 0.60 cents.

As an example, statistics from the state of California, considered the fifth world economy and one of the most advanced states in its treatment of women, showed that women lost 78.6 thousand million dollars through salary differences.

Figures from the US Census Bureau say that women’s average income back in 2011 represented 77% of men’s average income, although the difference between 1991 and 2000 extended to 4 points.

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Despite some advances in recent years, the wage gap expanded considerably, as a woman is more likely than a man to work part-time to take care of children or other family members.

Another side to the problem is that traditionally male jobs usually have higher salaries than those that are primarily seen as feminine, even when a similar level of education or training has been necessary.

Another of the factors that has most contributed to the wage gap is the lack of maternity support, as the United States is the only industrialised nation whose legislation does not include paid maternity leave. On the other hand, and supporting the efforts made by women, estimates maintain that eliminating the salary disparity would have a stimulating effect on the American economy, which would increase the Gross Domestic Product by between 3 and 4%, more than double what the Economic Stimulus Act contributed to Washington to help with overcoming the last recession.

Inequality continues in this country despite salary discrimination due to gender being prohibited by the Equal Pay Act (EPA), passed in 1963, which prevents the payment of different salaries to women and men for job roles requiring the same level of training, effort and responsibility, and which are undertaken in similar working conditions.

Photo: Pixabay

Generally, in the US, women who are in full-time employment receive 80% of men’s salaries, according to statistics from the Census Bureau, a feature that demonstrates part of the problem.

Studies also show that in the 50 largest cities in the country, a woman receives a salary of only 74 cents per each dollar that a man earns, which suggests a gender-related salary gap of 26%, according to RentCafe.com figures.

This site specifies that in these cities, single men earn an average of 32,451 dollars per year, while single women earn an average of 24,115 dollars, another example of inequality. American women are victims of a discriminatory system that diminishes them in the eyes of the opposite sex, despite having a key vote when it comes to choosing the president of the country, among other duties, as they demonstrated in their support of the Democrat’s recovery in November 2018 for their domination in the House of Representatives.

Photo: Pixabay

The female vote was a referendum against President Trump in November, and it is expected that it will have a Democratic inclination in 2020 when he hopes to be re-elected, some experts think.

In 2012 the gender gap was reflected in the support from candidates, the greatest in decades, with up to 20 percentage points of difference in the backing of women in support for the Democrat Hillary Clinton.

Now when those from the Democratic Party start the scuffle to present a candidate capable of winning the White House, women from this group are throwing female candidates into the arena.

Senators Elizabeth Warren, Amy Klobuchar, Kamala Harris among other women, are on the list of candidates for the 2020 presidential elections, a contest in which Republicans are trusting in Trump’s popularity.

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Six women have already officially announced their electoral campaign with the goal of becoming the first female President of the United States, after 45 men have held this position. (In this group, some analysts speak of Harris, a female legislator from California who enjoys high approval ratings from Democratic Party members). (PL)

(Translated by Donna Davison – Email: donna_davison@hotmail.com)

 

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